Czesław Niemen
Czesław Niemen (February 16, 1939 – January 17, 2004)  was one of the most important and celebrated Polish singers in the last twenty five years.  
He was born in Stare Wasiliszki,  which is now  Grodno Province in Belarus.

He was given permission to move to Poland in the 1950s an made his musical debut in the early 60s, performing Polish rock and soul music. His voice
was exceptionally rich and demonstrated an unusually wide vocal range.  He was a dedicated composer and skilled keyboard player.  Shortly after his
concerts in France, which were widely acclaimed by the critics, he began to use the pseudonym Niemen instead of his full name - it enhanced his
notoriety even more (and was easier for foreigners to pronounce).  

One of the most important Polish protest songs of the era was the 1967 compostion of "Dziwny jest ten świat" (Strange Is This World). An English
version was recorded in 1972.  He was definitely a trendsetter and  one of the first Polish performers to wear long hair and colourful clothes. He
introduced psychedelic to communist Poland, something which annoyed government officials.

Niemen recorded his first three albums with his band "Akwarele" (Watercolours), after which he recorded with his other bands, "Enigmatic", "Grupa
Niemen" and "Aerolit".

In 1969 he changed his musical style to progressive rock while he was recording his album. Enigmatic, which proved to be a musical masterpiece. The
most notable song from it was "Bema pamięci żałobny rapsod" (A Mournful Rhapsody in Memory of Józef Bem).  It was based on a poem by a Cyprian
poet of the 18th century, Kamil Norwid. That as well as the other songs on Enigmatic were also sung poetry.  Niemen performed on a variety of
instruments for his recordings, namely the Hammond organ, and at a later time, the mellotron and Moog synthesizer.

In the early 1970s, Niemen recorded three English language albums under the CBS label. In 1974 he recorded Mourner's Rhapsody with Jan Hammer
and Rick Laird from Mahavishnu Orchestra. In the seventies, Niemen turned to jazz-rock fusion and electronic music (Katharsis album). In 1972 he
also contributed with a song performed by him in "Wesele" (The Wedding (1972 film)) by director Andrzej Wajda, laureate of an honorary Oscar. Later,
Niemen also composed film soundtracks and theater music. In the 1990s he showed interest in art painting and computer graphics. He died of cancer
in Warsaw.

He won the Sopot International Song Festival in 1979.

Most noteworthy is that in 1964, Niemen and his band performed backup to Marlena Dietrich at th Congress Hall in Warsaw. When she heard his song
"Czy mnie jeszcze pamiętasz" (Do you still remember me?) sheenjoyed it so much that she soon recorded her own version of it "Mutter, Hast du Mir
Vergeben" (Mother, have you forgiven me?), writing her own lyrics for the song


Discography
Studio albums

1967 Dziwny jest ten świat ("Strange Is This World")
1968 Sukces ("Success")
1969 Czy mnie jeszcze pamiętasz? ("Do You Still Remember Me?")
1970 Enigmatic
1971 Człowiek jam niewdzięczny - aka "Czerwony Album" ("Ungrateful Human I Am" aka "Red Album")
1972 Strange Is This World (English lyrics, released in West Germany)
1973 Ode to Venus (English lyrics, released in West Germany)
1973 Niemen Vol. 1 and Niemen Vol. 2 - aka "Marionetki" ("Puppets")
1973 Russische Lieder ("Russian Songs", Russian lyrics, released in West Germany)
1974 Mourner's Rhapsody (English lyrics, released in West Germany, UK and USA)
1975 Niemen Aerolit
1976 Katharsis
1978 Idée Fixe
1980 Postscriptum
1982 Przeprowadzka ("Moving")
1989 Terra Deflorata
1991 Terra Deflorata (extended version)
1993 Mouner's Rhapsody (extended version) (USA)
2001 spodchmurykapelusza ("fromunderthecloudofahat")

Live albums
2007 41 Potencjometrów Pana Jana ("41 Mr. John's Potentiometers")
2009 Kattorna/Pamflet na ludzkość ("Kattorna/Lampoon for Mankind")

Compilations

1979 The Best of Niemen
1989 Złote przeboje Czesława Niemena ("Golden hits of Czesław Niemen")
1991 Gwiazdy mocnego uderzenia: Czesław Niemen (first singles)
1995 Sen o Warszawie ("Dream of Warsaw")
2000 Czas jak rzeka: Złota kolekcja ("Time Like River: Golden Collection")
2008 Spiżowy krzyk ("Brass scream")


Box Sets

2002 od początku I ("from beginning I")
2003 od początku II ("from beginning II")

Singles and EPs

1962 - Adieu Tristesse / El Soldado De Levita
1963 - Na swojską nutę (1) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1963 - Na swojską nutę (2) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1963 - W rytmie Madisona (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1964 - Les Noir et Blue - Les Idoles de Pologne (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1964 - Locomotion (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1964 - Czas jak rzeka (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1964 - Hippy, Hippy Shake (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1964 - Jeszcze sen (EP) (with Niebiesko-Czarni)
1966 - A Varsovie (EP)
1966 - Sen o Warszawie (EP)
1967 - Dziwny jest ten świat (EP)
1968 - Obok nas / Baw się w ciuciubabkę
1969 - Io senza lei / Arcobaleno
1969 - Strange is This World (demo)
1969 - Una luce mai accesa / 24 ore spese bene con amore
1969 - Re di cuori
1970 - Oggi forse no / Domani
1971 - Strange is This World (demo 2)
1972 - Romanca Cherubina / Mazurek
1972 - Strange is This World / We've Got The Sun
1975 - Mleczna droga / Dorożką na Księżyc
1979 - Nim przyjdzie wiosna / Pokój
1982 - Witaj przygodo zielona / Przeprowadzka
1986 - High Horse / Pod papugami
2002 - Jagody szaleju





souce: Wikipedia