Henryk Wieniawski
Piotr JANOWSKI violin, "Kujawiak"  by Henryk Wieniawski
Poland, Russian Empire. His father, Tobiasz Pietruszka, had converted to Catholicism. His talent for playing violin was
apparent at an early age and in 1843 he enrolled at the Paris Conservatoire. After graduation, Wieniawski toured extensively
and gave many recitals. His brother Jozef often accompanied him on piano and in 1847 Henryk published his first opus, a
Grand Caprice Fantastique. It was a modest but important beginning of what was to becfome a catalog of 24 opus numbers.

He wrote Legende, Op. 17, when his engagement to Isabella Hampton was opposed by her parents. The work changed the
parent's mind and the couple married in 1860.

Wieniawski moved to St. Petersburg at the invitation of Anton Rubenstein.  He lived there from 1860 to 1872 teaching violin to
students, and lead the Russian Musical Society's orchestra and string quartet. From 1872 to 1874, Wieniawski toured the
United States with Rubinstein from 1872 to 1874 and in 1875  Wieniawski replaced Henri Vieuxtemps as violin professor at
the Conservatoire Royal de Bruxelles.

While in Brussels, Wieniawski's health declined, and he often had to stop in the middle of concerts.  In 1879 he began a tour
of Russia but was not able to complete it.  After a concert on February 14, 1880, he was rushed to hospital.  Tchaikovsky's
patroness Nadezhda von Meck brought him into her home and provided him with medical attention. His friends also arranged
a benefit concert to help provide for his family.  A few weeks later he died from a heart attack, and was interred in the Powązki
Cemetery in Warsaw.

His daughter Régine Wieniawski was born in Brussels the year before his death, also became a composer. She published her
early works as "Irène Wieniawska,". After marrying Sir Aubrey Dean Paul she became a British subject, and began to use the
pseudonym "Poldowski."

Wieniawski was a player in the Beethoven Quartet Society in London where he also performed on viola.

Henryk Wieniawski was a violinist of genius and wrote some of the most important compositions in the violin repertoire,
including two extremely difficult violin concertos, the second of which (in D minor, 1862) is more often performed than the first
(in F♯ minor, 1853). His "L'Ecole Moderne, 10 Etudes-Caprices" is a very well-known and required work for aspiring violinists.
His Scherzo-Tarantelle, Op. 16 and Légende, Op. 17 are also frequently performed works. He also wrote two popular
mazurkas for solo violin and piano accompaniment (the second one, Obertas, in G Major), using techniques such as left-
hand pizzicato, harmonics, large leaps, and many double stops. Wieniawski has been given several posthumous honors. His
portrait appeared on a postage stamp of Poland in 1952 and again in 1957. A 100 Złoty coin was issued in 1979 bearing his
image.

What is sometimes called the "Russian bow grip" ought to be called the "Wieniawski bow grip": Wieniawski taught his students
his own style, that of very stiff bowing which allowed him to play a "devil's staccato" with the greatest of ease.

The first violin competition named after Wieniawski took place in Warsaw in 1935.  The International Henryk Wieniawski Violin
Competition has been held every five years since 1952.


Compositions

Published works, with Opus numbers

Grand Caprice Fantastique, Op. 1
Allegro de Sonate, Op. 2
Souvenir de Posen, Mazurka, Op. 3
Polonaise de Concert No. 1, Op. 4
Adagio Élégiaque, Op. 5
Souvenir de Moscow, 2 Russian Romances, Op. 6 (in this work he quoted Alexander Egorovich Varlamov's song The Red
Sarafan)
Capriccio-Valse, Op. 7
Grand Duo Polonaise for Violin and Piano, Op. 8
Romance sans Paroles et Rondo elegant, Op. 9
L'École Moderne, 10 Études-Caprices for Violin Solo, Op. 10
Le Carnaval Russe, Improvisations and Variations, Op. 11
2 Mazurkas de Salon, Op. 12
Fantasie Pastorale, Op. 13
Concerto No. 1 in F♯ minor, Op. 14
Theme Original Varié, Op. 15
Scherzo-Tarantelle, Op. 16
Légende, Op. 17
Études-Caprices for 2 violins, Op. 18
2 Mazurkas, Obertasse et Le Menetrier, Op. 19 (NB. No 2 is known as both 'The Bagpipe Player' [ABRSM Vln Gr VIII
Syllabus], and 'The Village Fiddler' [Naxos Records])
Fantasie Brillante sur Gounod's Faust, Op. 20
Polonaise Brillante, Op. 21
Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 22
Gigue in E minor, Op. 23
Fantasie Orientale, Op. 24


Unpublished works, and works without opus numbers

* Wariacje na Temat Własnego Mazurka (ok. 1847)
* Aria with Variations in E major (przed 1848)
* Fantasia and Variations in E major (1848)
* Nocturne for solo violin (1848)
* Romance (ok. 1848)
* Rondo Alla Polacca in E minor (1848)
* Duo Concertant on themes from Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor (ok. 1850)
* Duo Concertant na Temat Hymnu Rosyjskiego A. Lwowa (ok. 1850)
* Duo Concertant na Temat Rosyjskiej Melodii Ludowej (ok. 1850)
* Fantasia on themes from Meyerbeer's Le prophète (ok. 1850)
* Mazur Wiejski (ok. 1850)
* Fantasia on themes from Grétry's Richard Coeur-de-lion (ok. 1851)
* Duet on themes from Finnish songs (ok. 1851)
* Two Mazurkas (1851)
* March (1851)
* Wariacje na Temat Hymnu Rosyjskiego (ok. 1851)
* Wariacje na Temat "Jechał Kozak Zza Dunaju" (ok. 1851)
* Kujawiak in A minor (1853)
* Variations on the Austrian Hymn (1853)
* Rozumiem, pieśń na głos z fortepianem (1854)
* Souvenir de Lublin, concert polka (ok. 1855)
* Fantasia on themes fronm Bellini's La sonnambula (ok. 1855)
* Reminiscences of San Francisco (ok. 1874)
* Kujawiak in C major
* Polonaise Triomphale
* Reverie in F sharp minor na Altówkę i Fortepian





source: Wikipedia
Wieniawski - Legende Op.17 - Asa Konishi Jankowska
Perlman - Wieniawski d-moll III