Grażyna Bacewicz
Her father, Wincenty  gave Grażyna her first piano and violin lessons. At the age of eighteen she began studying at the
Warsaw Conservatory and graduated in 1932 as a violinist and composer. She continued her education in Paris, having
received financial backing by Ignacy Jan Paderewski to attend the École Normale de Musique. She studied there from
1932 to 1933 under the direction of Nadia Boulanger. She also studied the violin with Henri Touret. Later on when she left
France to learn from the Hungarian violinist Carl Flesch.

After Bacewicz completed her studies, she participated in many events as a soloist, composer as well as jury member.  
She was the principal violinist of the Polish Radio orchestra during the 1930s, which at that time was directed by Grzegorz
Fitelberg.  It gave her the opportunity to play a lot of her own music.  During World War II, Grażyna Bacewicz was living in
Warsaw, yet still continued to compose her music, giving secret underground concerts. It was then that her Suite for Two
Violins premiered.

Most of her compositions are for the violin. Among them are seven violin concertos, five sonatas for violin with piano
including two for violin solo, seven string quartets, two piano quintets and four symphonies.

Bacewicz was married in 1936, and gave birth to a daughter, Alina Biernacka, who became a recognized painter. After the
war, she  assumed the position of professor at the State Conservatory of Music in Łódź.  She began to focus more activity
on composition, and it became her only occupation after she suffered a serious car accident in 1954.  She died in Warsaw
in 1969.


Works for solo instruments

Four preludes for piano (1924)
Children's Suite for piano (1933)
Sonata for Violin (1941) - premiered at an underground concert in Warsaw
Esquisse for organ (1966)
Second Piano Sonata (premiered 1953)

Chamber music

Quintet for Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon and Horn (1932)
1st Prize in the Concours de la Société "Aide aux femmes de professions libres", Paris, 1933

Suite for Two Violins (1943) - premier at an underground concert in Warsaw
String Quartet No. 3 (1947) - Polish Ministry of Culture Award, 1955
String Quartet No. 4 (1951) - 1st Prize, Concours International pour Quatuor a Cordes, Liege, 1951
String Quartet No. 5 (1955)
String Quartet No. 6 (1960)
String Quartet No. 7 (1967)

Orchestral works

Overture (1943)
Concerto for String Orchestra (1948) - Polish State Prize, 1950
Symphony No. 2 (1951)
Symphony No. 3 (1952)
Symphony No. 4 (1953) - Polish Ministry of Culture Prize, 1955
Muzyka na smyczki, trąbki i perkusję (Music for Strings, Trumpets, and Percussion) (1958)
3rd Prize, Tribune Internationale (UNESCO), Paris 1960

Concerto for Symphony Orchestra (1962)
Contradizione for chamber orchestra (1966) - commissioned by Hopkins Center for the Arts, Hanover, New Hampshire

Concertos

Concerto No. 1 for Violin and Orchestra (1937)
Concerto No. 3 for Violin and Orchestra (1948) - Polish Ministry of Culture Award, 1955
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra (1949) - 2nd prize, Chopin Composition Competition, Warsaw, 1949
Concerto No. 5 for Violin and Orchestra (1954)
Concerto No. 7 for Violin and Orchestra (1965)
Belgian Government Prize, Gold Medal - Concours Musical International Reine Elisabeth de Belgique, Brussels, 1965

Concerto for Two Pianos and Orchestra (1966)
Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (1968)

Music for voice with orchestra

Olympic Cantata (1948) for choir and orchestra
Mention, International Olympic Arts Competition, London, 1948; Polish State Prize, 1948. (Re:17th-century comedy by
Piotr Baryka
Acropolis, a cantata for choir and orchestra (1964) - commissioned for the 600th anniversary of Jagiellonian University

Stage works

Z chłopa król (Peasant King), a ballet (1953) to the libretto of Artur Maria Swinarski
Przygoda Króla Artura (The Adventure of King Arthur), a radio opera (1959)
Polish Radio and Television Conmittee Award, Warsaw, 1960

Esik in Ostend, a ballet (1964)





source: Wikipedia
Grazyna Bacewicz before World War II
Grażyna Bacewicz  (February 5, 1909 – January 17, 1969) was a Polish composer and violinist.
She is the second Polish female composer to have achieved national as well as international
acclaim. The first was Maria Szymanowska in the early 19th century.

Bacewicz was born in Łódź, Poland. While her father and brother Vytautas identified  themselves as Lithuanian using
Bacevičius a the family name, her other brother Kiejstut identified himself as Polish. Her father, Wincenty  gave Grażyna
her first piano and violin lessons. At the age of eighteen she began studying at the Warsaw Conservatory and graduated
in 1932 as a violinist and composer. She continued her education in Paris, having received financial backing by Ignacy Jan
Paderewski to attend the École Normale de Musique. She studied there from 1932 to 1933 under the direction of Nadia
Boulanger. She also studied the violin with Henri Touret. Later on when she left France to learn from the Hungarian
violinist Carl Flesch.
Oberek